Read the first half of Frequently Asked Questions on Autism here.
Q11. What are the chances of my child going to a regular school?
Ans. There are a number of autistic children who have been integrated into regular schools. The chances depend on several factors. The most important are the individual capacity and functioning levels of the child, how early diagnosis was received, and thereafter the kind and the appropriateness of the early intervention provided to the child.
Most children with autism may require some accommodations in the teaching style/ environment for them to be able to learn better and to keep the schooling a positive experience.
Q12. Can an autistic child ever live an independent life?
Ans. Since autism is a spectrum and people have varying skill levels, the future is not the same for all people with autism. ALL children with autism can learn and progress, if they receive early and more importantly focused, appropriate intervention. Depending on the child’s individual ability levels and the appropriateness and intensity of the intervention he or she receives, some children with autism may go on to lead relatively independent lives, whilst others may require support in varying areas and degrees.
Q13. How does autism affect play behaviors?
Ans. Individuals with autism, unless taught or told, are unable to think of or imagine things that they can do in their free time. Consequently many of them spend their time doing the same activities, or simply running around or jumping about.
Many children with autism show little or no interest in toys. Some may handle toys and other objects purely for physical sensations e.g. to bang, put in the mouth, for the sound it makes or a light that flickers. Some enjoy concrete play such as puzzles or computer/video games. A common activity for children with autism is lining up or stacking similar objects like pencils, blocks, toy cars, glasses, bottles etc.
Another consequence of this impairment is the narrow range of focused interests. Often all activities including play revolve around those special interests. For instance, some children may enjoy transportations and may look at pictures, advertisements, and collect toys or talk only on this theme and have no other variations in interests. Sometimes, these special interests can revolve around unusual objects such as strings, brooms, pebbles, wrappers, or any household objects or activities like scribbling, drawing or tearing paper and the play may remain focused on only these objects or activities.
Q14. Why is my child so hyperactive?
Ans. Hyperactivity can have a medical reason and may be a co-morbid condition in some children with autism. However, in most people with autism this is not the case. Having autism means that the child has an impairment in his/her social and imaginative skills. Hence most children with autism find it difficult to keep themselves occupied. As a result they may run around, always be ‘on the go’, be restless and appear ‘hyperactive’ as they try to keep themselves busy in their own way. Some children may eat a lot to do this. This restlessness or ‘hyperactivity’ can be reduced as the children are taught new skills and appropriate ways to keep themselves occupied.
Q15. Is there a cure for autism?
Ans. We know that autism is a complex, neurological, developmental disorder, which affects the way the brain processes information, the cause of which is still unknown. Since we do not know what causes autism, we do not have a way to fix (cure) it.
Q16. What is Asperger’s Syndrome? What is difference between Autism Spectrum Disorder, Autism, and PDD-NOS? How autistic is my child? How is severity, degree or level of autism measured?
Q17. How do I know whether my child is autistic? What is the cause of autism?
Q18. Getting a disability certificate?
Ans. Government hospitals have been authorized to issue a Disability Certificate.
There is no disability certificate issued specifically for autism. However, one can get a disability certificate under the category of Mental Retardation (MR) with Autism.
Want to read more about autism?
*Information sourced from: