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About 10 million people in India are suffering from autism and the autism has increased significantly over last few decades. According to statistics by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), once in every 88 children today is born with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It has been observed that boys are more susceptible to this psychological disorder as compared to girls. Autism is the fastest spreading developmental disorder but inadequately funded. Autism is one of the developmental disorders that usually happen in the first three years of life. It is a lifelong neurological disability.autism1


The differences in the development can be bifurcated in various categories:

  • Verbal and non verbal communication:
  • The first predictable sign in the childhood of an individual regarding healthy communication is babbling. Some more signs include the gestures regarding the likes and the dislikes and their pointing actions through which they are able to convey their messages, for example, to show an object they want or they want to show it to some person. But the children suffering from autism lacks the usage of these gestures.
  • Also, they are delayed in babbling.
  • These children are not able to communicate maybe during whole of their lifetime or they learn some languages and how to speak during later stages of their life.
  • They either don’t speak or they speak late during the lifetime.
  • They even try to avoid eye contact with people.
  • They give vague answers to the questions which have been asked to them.
  • The autistic children speak in an unusual manner when they begin to develop their language.
  • They are not able to combine the different words into meaningful sentences.
  • They have erratic interests.
  • They do not understand the facial expressions.
  • But some of them are able to deliver their messages quite effectively without any verbal communication.
  • They are good at using sign language and visual symbols.
  • If the therapies are given to these disabled children, they are able to improve their speaking in a consistent way.
  • Interactions with the social world:
  • The autistic people face difficulty in identifying the intentions and feelings of other people and they even do not able to express their own emotions clearly.
  • They are often misinterpreted as maliciously behaving people and disobedient.
  • They have difficulty in playing social games and hence, they don’t pretend to play games. They want to be alone for most of the times.
  • It has been observed that the autistic children are more attached to their parents but they are unable to show their attachment to their parents and hence their parents don’t feel the attachment and hence feels that their child is disconnected with them.


  • The repetitive behavior:
  • Some of the repetitive actions involve jumping and twirling, repeating words and phrases, arrangement and rearrangement of various things and hand flapping.
  • These people do not feel comfortable in changing their behavior patterns.
  • They reverse various pronouns, for example “YOU” is repeated as “I”.
  • They repeat the different words or phrases again and again. This feature is also known as echolalia.
  • Some other symptoms:
  • People with autism have unconventional ideas, interests and behaviors. They have different exceptional phobias and anxiety disorders.
  • Research on autism spectrum disorders have discovered that they also have peculiar phobias, for example fear of going to toilets, fear of vacuum cleaners, mechanical , swings and the wind.
  • They become upset when the minor changes are made with respect to their schedule or their eating habits or anything related to them.
  • The autistic children are quite hyperactive (abnormal level of activeness) and impulsive (action without thinking).
  • They have a shorter attention span as compared to the normal children, hence they face problems in concentrating in studies especially rote learning and other problem solving.
  • They are generally aggressive and they can cause injury to themselves and to the others as well.
  • They have abnormal eating habits and sleeping routine.
  • They have wayward emotional reactions and unusual mood swings.
  • They are either fearless in their actions or they are more fearful than expected


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